Fabric science

Fabric science

Lyocell – also known as Tencel – is a “man-made cellulose fibre”, i.e. a fibre industrially produced from natural raw materials. It is made of wood from sustainable forestry and is biodegradable. It is mainly known for its increased moisture absorption, as it absorbs about 50% more water than cotton. Thus, the fabric is much more breathable, as moisture is absorbed by the fibres and wicked away.

Cotton is a very absorbent, skin-friendly, long-lasting and low-maintenance material which is extremely resistant to heat.

As a relatively soft metal, copper is both tough and easy to shape. As an excellent conductor of heat and electricity, copper has many uses and is also one of the coinage metals. As a weakly reactive heavy metal, copper is sometimes listed as a precious metal.

Viscose is both soft and breathable, meaning that it is a very popular fabric in the fashion industry. The material is suitable for those suffering from allergies, doesn’t pill and is very good at absorbing sweat. The fibre is also light, yet hard-wearing. Viscose looks like cotton, but is significantly shinier. Compared to cotton, it is softer to the touch, almost silky in fact, and has a better flow.

Elastane is a synthetic fibre and, most of the time, it is mixed together with other fibres. Thanks to its stretchability, the material is very versatile.

Nylon, a synthetic polymer material, is a trade name for polyamides. It was the first fully synthetic fibre and the first synthetic fibre made exclusively from inorganic substances such as carbon, water and air. Nylon is particularly easy to care for, hard-wearing, does not crease and dries quickly. This makes nylon ideal as a material for robust sporty garments.

Polyamides are waterproof and dry very quickly.

Like polyester, polyacrylic is a petroleum-based synthetic fibre consisting of polymerised acrylic fibres. Polyacrylic fibres are bulky, voluminous, have wool-like properties and are therefore often mixed with wool: in combination with polyacrylic, wool does not matt as
quickly and is easier to care for.Due to their low density, polyacrylic fibres are very light, absorb little moisture and therefore dry very quickly.

Polyester describes a synthetic (micro) fibre which was developed as an alternative to silk. The microfibre is very low-maintenance and durable. Polyester is often made from recycled material.

Polylactides are linear polyesters made from polymerised lactic acid extracted from plant starch. As they can be made from renewable materials, polylactides can be used as an ecological alternative to mineral-oil based plastics in certain instances. However, the material is currently expensive to produce. The material’s main characteristics: it absorbs minimal moisture & is highly-resistant to UV rays.

Polypropylene is the second most important plastic in the world. Polypropylene fibres are lighter than water and, as such, absorb hardly any moisture. Thanks to the high levels of surface tension, any moisture and sweat are quickly transferred outside and away from the body. What’s more, polypropylene is odourless and skin-friendly.

This fibre’s stand out characteristic is its high stretchability, which makes clothes fit better and means that they are more comfortable to wear. Fibres can be stretched up to a maximum of seven times their length. With an elastane content of 2-4%, the fabric stretches
25-30% more. In addition, such fibres absorb minimal amounts of moisture and are both very hard-wearing and low-maintenance.

In accordance with the Textile Labelling Act, a product is only labelled as containing wool if the material comes from an animal. As such, wool is a renewable material. Wool has excellent thermal properties.

Luxury from the Andes. Alpacas produce one of the finest and highest-quality animal hairs known as ‘exotic’ fibres. Camel, cashmere and yak hair are also exotic fibres, for example. In total, they account for 0.5% of all animal hair produced worldwide. They are thus traded in very small quantities compared to virgin wool.

Wool obtained exclusively from the shearing of living animals. It is regarded as a wool of particularly high quality.

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